Finally, on the Turkish side, there are concerns about a possible inter-institutional struggle on the side of the United States with regard to the implementation of the plan. For the past five months, Washington has been reporting disputes over relations with Turkey, the YPG and Syria. In January, Foreign Secretary Tillerson denied Pentagon officials` statements about the creation of a border guard force.47 In March, President Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from Syria, refuted by statements from other officials and military officers.48 In addition, the commander of CENTCOM Votel offered Congress an assessment that clearly contradicts Secretary Tillerson`s strategy toward Syria in his speech at Stanford.49 , it has been reported recently. 50 The joint embassies of various US authorities could create another element of confusion for Turkey during this delicate implementation period. Despite the agreement on the roadmap, Turkey remains concerned about the close ties between local centcom staff and YPG members. The past elation of YPG members by CENTCOM and pro-YPG social media messages by CENTCOM`s communications department has caused great irritation in Turkey over the past two years. During the implementation of the roadmap, the Turkish side will closely monitor the statements and actions of CENTCOM and other AMERICAN organizations. This roadmap is not the first time that Turkey and the United States have announced their agreement on northern Syria. However, previous agreements have often proved less concrete than they were originally. May 2016 Before the SDF attack on Manbij, Backed by the United States, Turkey has proposed a joint operation between the United States and Turkey, 41 Again in 2017, this time under the Trump administration, Turkey has proposed a joint operation between the United States and Turkey to retake Raqqa, rather than the U.S.
plan to rely on the SDF.42 There is another important piece of the puzzle concerning northern Syria. In: Russia. In his speech, Wess Mitchell reaffirmed that Turkey must be maintained on a „Western strategic path“ and stressed the concerns raised by the growing cooperation between Russia and Turkey55. Following the announcement of the roadmap, questions were raised about how Russia would react to the agreement. Although there have been no negative comments from Russia, it is clear that Moscow will closely monitor the growing cooperation between Turkey and the United States. In the event of a possible contagion of this cooperation, Russia`s concerns could increase. Turkey has developed a model for establishing working relationships with different countries that are fighting both the PKK and the YPG. In Qandil, Turkey attempted to cooperate with Iran; in Sinjar, the Iraqi government cooperated with Turkey; in Afrin, Turkey has reached an agreement with Russia; And in Manbij, Turkey and the United States have drawn up a roadmap for the expulsion of the YPG. However, how these multidimensional attempts at cooperation and coordination will be perceived by Russia and how they might influence Russian-Turkish cooperation elsewhere in Syria will also be important. The Manbij Agreement is an important step forward in bilateral relations that have failed as a result of developments over the past three years, including the divergence in Syria, the dispute over US military aid to the YPG and the Gulen issue.
The U.S. Alliance network had already experienced a major crisis in recent years due to growing skepticism in the United States.