Negotiations continued from November 17, 1969 to May 1972, in a series of meetings that began in Helsinki, with the U.S. delegation led by Gerard C. Smith, Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. The following meetings took place between Vienna and Helsinki. After a long deadlock, the first results of SALT I arrived in May 1971, when an agreement was reached on the ABM systems. Further talks ended negotiations on 26 May 1972 in Moscow, when Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev signed both the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Interim Agreement between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on certain measures to limit strategic offensive weapons. [5] The SALT II negotiations were opened at the end of 1972 and lasted seven years. A fundamental problem in these negotiations was the asymmetry between the strategic forces of the two countries, as the USSR had concentrated on missiles equipped with large warheads, while the United States had developed smaller missiles with greater precision. Questions were also raised about new technologies in development, definition questions and verification methods. As its title states, „the interim agreement between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on certain measures to limit offensive weapons“ was limited in duration and scope.

It is expected to remain in effect for five years. (See previous section of LA SALT.) The two countries pledged to continue negotiations for a broader agreement as soon as possible, and the provisions of the 1972 agreement should not undermine the scope and terms of a new agreement. Johnson`s successor, Richard Nixon, also believed in SALT, and on November 17, 1969, formal SALT talks began in Helsinki, Finland. Over the next two and a half years, the two sides negotiated whether or not each nation should finalize its ABMs plans; Reviewing a contract And the United States feared that the Soviets would continue to build more submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Nixon and Soviet Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev signed the ABM Treaty and the SALT Interim Agreement on May 26, 1972 in Moscow. Both agreements were accompanied by a series of „consensual declarations“ agreed and paraphrased by the heads of delegations. When both agreements were submitted to the U.S. Congress, they were also accompanied by joint agreements and unilateral declarations made during the negotiations.

These should clarify specific provisions of the agreements or parts of the negotiating protocol. Negotiations, known as the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, began in November 1969 and ended in January 1972 with an agreement on two documents: the Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty) and the Interim Agreement on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Weapons. Both were signed on May 26, 1972. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union to limit the manufacture of strategic missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed in 1972 and 1979 by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and aimed to limit the arms race of strategic (long-range or intercontinental) nuclear-armed ballistic missiles.